Utilization of ring-shaped bone allograft for surgical treatment of adolescent post-tubercular kyphosis: A retrospective study

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the mid-term outcome of ring-shaped bone allografts in the surgical treatment of adolescent post-tubercular kyphosis secondary to spinal tuberculosis.

The records of adolescent patients diagnosed with spinal tuberculosis who received treatment in our department between 2009 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The anterior approach was used in cases of cervical kyphosis and the posterior approach was used in cases of thoracic and lumbar kyphosis. During the surgery, the ring-shaped bone was used as a structural bone graft associated with the cancellous bone filing in the center portion of the ring shape. Cobb's angle, signs of spinal infusion on computed tomography, and complications were followed up.

A total of 25 patients were included in our study. Among them, 3 involved the cervical region, 5 involved the thoracic region, 8 involved the thoracolumbar region, and 9 involved the lumbar region. The preoperative kyphosis deformity was a mean 65° Cobb's angle (40°–97°) compared to the postoperative 14° Cobb's angle (10°–21°) for an average correction of 51°. All wounds healed well without graft rejection. All patients achieved bone fusion 3 months postoperative for a 100% fusion rate.

Our results show that the ring-shaped allograft bone is an effective option for the treatment of adolescent kyphosis. The ring-shaped allograft bone demonstrated satisfactory mechanical strength and vertebral fusion without mid-term metallic toxicity.

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