Value of Psychiatric Rehabilitation in a Behavioral Health Medicaid Managed Care System

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Abstract

Objective: The present study was designed to describe individuals receiving psychiatric rehabilitation (PR) service and investigate program outcomes and factors associated with progress in a multisite, descriptive evaluation across Pennsylvania. Method: Through an outcomes-monitoring process integrated into routine service delivery, survey responses from 408 individuals participating in PR were summarized. Linear mixed models were used to examine change over time in self-reported progress ratings in rehabilitation domains and factors associated with progress. Results: Significantly lower utilization of inpatient psychiatric service was observed in the 12 months after initiating PR versus the 12 months before service (15% vs. 24%; p = .002). Peer and case management service increased after initiation of PR. Specifying a domain as a goal in the service plan was associated with higher progress ratings in the learning (β = .75, p < 0001), working (β = 1.06, p < .0001), and physical wellness (β = 1.27, p < .0001) domains. Average hopefulness rating was positively and significantly associated with self-reported progress in all domains. Conclusions and Implications for Practice: The current investigation provides some evidence that individuals participating in PR decrease utilization of inpatient service. This finding and the goals and activities reported in domains over time support the added value of PR as a Medicaid-reimbursable service to managed care efforts to promote rehabilitation outcomes and recovery for individuals with psychiatric disabilities.

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