Thirteen-Year Evaluation of the Management of Biliary Tract Complication After Deceased Donor Liver Transplantation

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Abstract

Introduction:

Although patient and graft survival rate has increased in recent years, biliary complications after liver transplantation are associated with significant morbidity and mortality.

Methods and Materials:

We reviewed the database of 1930 patients who underwent deceased donor liver transplantation between 2000 and 2013. The patients had abnormal results in liver tests, as well as fever and jaundice. Abdominal sonography was performed, and if complication was identified, the patient underwent an interventional procedure by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography. If the complication was not resolved by the mentioned procedures, exploration of common bile duct and Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy or revision of Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy was done.

Results:

Our study group comprised 105 patients including 66 (63%) men and 39 (37.1%) women with a mean age of 36.7 ± 12.5 years (range: 15-66 years). Among 1930 patients, 105 (5.4%) cases presented with biliary complication after liver transplantation, of which 97 (5%) and 8 (0.4%) cases presented with biliary stricture and bile leak/biloma, respectively.

Conclusion:

In our study, most patients with biliary complications after liver transplantation responded to interventional procedures, with 37.1% requiring surgical exploration.

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