Renalase Assessment With Regard to Kidney Function, Lipid Disturbances, and Endothelial Dysfunction Parameters in Stable Renal Transplant Recipients

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Abstract

Background:

Renal transplant dysfunction has been shown to be independent predictor for premature cardiovascular disease and mortality. Renalase, a flavoprotein secreted by several tissues, including the kidney, has been found to regulate sympathetic tone and blood pressure. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to explore relationships among parameters of endothelial dysfunction, lipids, glomerular filtration rate, and renalase in 2 groups: renal transplant patients with controlled hypertension and healthy volunteers.

Methods:

In the parent study, 73 renal transplant recipients and 32 age- and gender-matched controls were enrolled. A fasting sample for endothelial, lipid, and renalase values, along with other clinical parameters, was obtained.

Results:

We found statistically significant inverse correlation between renalase and estimated glomerular filtration rate (r = −0.552, P < .001), positive correlation between renalase and creatinine (r = 0.364, P = .003), total cholesterol (r = 0.578, P < .001), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = 0.261, P = .046), and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = 0.327, P = .01). Renalase inversely correlated with hemoglobin (r = −0.232, P = .032) and positively with white blood cells (r = 0.233, P = .032). There was a significant difference in plasma renalase with regard to chronic kidney disease stages (F = 13.346, P < .001) but did not correlate with C-reactive protein. Renalase did not correlate with any of parameters of endothelial dysfunction, C-reactive protein, neither with some demographic data (gender, age, time or type of transplantation, risk factors). There were no differences in renalase concentration with regard to antihypertensive therapy.

Conclusion:

Renalase strongly and inversely correlated with kidney function, positively with creatinine and lipid disturbances. Due to that it is very likely that renalase levels are determined mostly by renal function.

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