Relationship between temperature variability and brain injury on magnetic resonance imaging in cooled newborn infants after perinatal asphyxia

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the study was whether temperature management during therapeutic hypothermia correlates with the severity of brain injury assessed on magnetic resonance imaging in term infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

STUDY DESIGN:

Prospectively collected register data from the National Asphyxia and Cooling Register of Switzerland were analyzed.

RESULT:

Fifty-five newborn infants were cooled for 72 h with a target temperature range of 33 to 34 °C. Individual temperature variability (odds ratio (OR) 40.17 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.37 to 1037.67)) and percentage of temperatures within the target range (OR 0.95 (95% CI 0.90 to 0.98)) were associated with the severity of brain injury seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Neither the percentage of measured temperatures above (OR 1.08 (95% CI 0.96 to 1.21)) nor below (OR 0.99 (95% CI 0.92 to 1.07) the target range was associated with the severity of brain injury seen on MRI.

CONCLUSION:

In a national perinatal asphyxia cohort, temperature variability and percentage of temperatures within the target temperature range were associated with the severity of brain injury.

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