Compliance with the prescribed occlusion treatment for amblyopia

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Abstract

Purpose of review

The present review article is an update on the current evidence about compliance to the prescribed occlusion treatment for amblyopia. In particular, the authors focus on the predictors and causes of noncompliance and possible interventions to increase it.

Recent findings

Compliance with prescribed occlusion treatment is often challenging. Reported rates of compliance range widely from 49% to 87%. Objective monitoring of occlusion has opened up new research opportunities and allow the design of effective therapeutic regimens. Also, predictors and causes of noncompliance have been investigated and their knowledge may help the clinician to improved compliance with prescribed occlusion treatment for amblyopia.

Summary

Although many of the studies assessing the effectiveness of interventions to increase compliance to patching treatment for amblyopia have many limitations, evidences support that use of educational supports, parents, and patient understanding on the importance of patching and written information should be considered to increase compliance with patching.

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