Clinical recognition of pacemaker battery depletion and automatic reprogramming
All contemporary pacemakers undergo automatic reprogramming upon reaching elective replacement indication due to battery depletion. The majority of such reprogramming will result in changes to both pacing mode and pacing rate. The exact software reprogramming varies considerably among pacemaker manufacturers and may even vary among models of the same manufacturer. Accordingly, it is essential for healthcare providers managing pacemaker patients to have a detailed understanding of the automatic reprogramming seen at elective replacement indication as well as their potential physiological and clinical consequences.