Perspectives on the Psychosocial Management of Oromandibular Dystonia
Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is a rare disorder of movement characterized by tonic muscle contractions that can result in involuntary, repetitive, and patterned muscle contractions of the lingual musculature, labial musculature, and/or muscles of mastication. As a result, dysarthria can be present that can lead to reduced speech intelligibility and have an adverse impact on psychosocial functioning. In this article, we will describe the clinical and speech characteristics of OMD and the various methods of treatment. Then we will introduce and describe patient-reported outcome measures that assess two aspects of psychosocial functioning: communicative participation and quality of life. We will describe the current state of knowledge as it relates to communicative participation and quality of life in this clinical population, and, finally, we will advocate that speech-language pathologists have a unique role in the care of individuals with OMD through the inclusion of patient-reported outcome measures to provide a comprehensive and holistic management plan.