A multidisciplinary approach to prevention
Cardiovascular disease accounts for 17,500 deaths globally, representing nearly half of all non-communicable disease deaths. The World Health Organization has set nine lifestyle, risk factor and medicines targets to achieve by 2025 with the aim of reducing premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by 25%. In order to succeed in this, we need to equip our global health professional workforce with the skills to support patients and their families with making lifestyle changes and being in concordance with cardioprotective medication regimes at every opportunity. Success depends on collegiate working through effective interdisciplinary team-based care characterised by shared goals, clear roles, mutual trust, effective communication and measurable processes and outcomes, with the patient and family at the centre of care. Nurses are the largest sector of the health professional workforce and their role in prevention should be optimised. Nurse coordinated care is proven to be effective, especially where they work in an interdisciplinary way with other health professionals such as doctors, pharmacists and psychologists, who provide equally important expertise for supporting holistic care. Successful care models are those that comprehensively target all adverse lifestyles and risk factors that are responsible for the development of cardiovascular disease. These characteristics should be reflected in the standards and core components of prevention and rehabilitation programmes.