Introduction of arteriovenous grafts with graft insertion anastomosis for hemodialysis access

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An arteriovenous bridging graft is a viable option for patients with compromised arteries or veins because of advanced age or diabetes. Arteriovenous graft with graft insertion anastomosis (AVGI) is the novel technique for graft-vein anastomosis where the prosthesis is inserted into the vein, and the anastomosis is performed on the surface of the prosthesis. This study assessed the short-term and long-term results of AVGI to clarify the efficacy of this technique.


Between 2010 and 2015, AVGI was performed in graft-vein anastomosis of prosthetic forearm loop access. Characteristics and level of complications were assessed. To evaluate the long-term results, functional graft patency and frequency of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty were examined.


The study comprised 58 patients. There were no deaths related to the surgery. The time of hemostasis after AVGI was recorded at 0 seconds because no bleeding from the suture holes was seen. At 1, 2, and 3 years, primary patency were 45.1% ± 7.5%, 23.1% ± 7.5%, and 23.1% ± 7.5%, respectively, and assisted primary patency rates were 59.4% ± 7.2%, 50.8% ± 7.6%, and 50.8% ± 7.6%, respectively. Secondary patency rates at 4 and 5 years were 100% ± 0% and 94.1% ± 5.7%, respectively. The frequency of percutaneous balloon angioplasty to maintain the patency was 1.61 ± 0.53 times per year. Graft infection occurred in four patients (6.9%).


AVGI is an advantageous technique for graft vein anastomosis in an arteriovenous bridging graft in both the short-term and long-term.

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