Operative Treatment of 2-Part Surgical Neck Fracture of the Humerus: Intramedullary Nail Versus Locking Compression Plate With Technical Consideration

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



To compare the outcomes of patients who underwent either open reduction internal fixation with a locking plate and screws or closed reduction internal fixation with an antegrade intramedullary nail (IMN) for displaced surgical neck fracture of the humerus.


Retrospective comparative study.


Single institute, Level-I academic trauma center.

Patients and Intervention:

Sixty-nine patients with 2-part surgical neck fracture of the humerus underwent either an IMN (38 patients group A) or a locked plate fixation (31 patients group B).

Outcomes Measurement:

Pain on a visual analog scale, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Shoulder Score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and active range of motion (ROM).


At the 2-year follow-up, there were no significant differences in the visual analog scale pain score (1.3 in group A; 0.9 in group B), ASES score (90.2 in group A; 91.9 in group B), and UCLA Shoulder Score (30.7 in group A; 31.8 in group B) between groups. Active ROM did not differ significantly between groups. There were 3 complications in the IMN group, 1 nonunion requiring autogenous iliac crest bone graft, and 2 cases of screw loosening.


For displaced surgical neck fractures of the humerus, both IM nailing and locked plate fixation in patients yielded satisfactory outcomes at the 2-year follow-up with no significant differences in pain or ROM between groups.

Level of Evidence:

Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles