Real-world burden of comorbidities in US patients with psoriasis

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Abstract

Background

Understanding background comorbidity rates in psoriasis can provide perspective for adverse events associated with new therapies.

Objective

We sought to assess the extent of comorbidities in psoriasis patients by use of the Truven Health Analytics MarketScan database.

Methods

MarketScan, comprising commercial claims representative of a large US-insured population, had 1.22 million patients with ≥1 claim with a psoriasis diagnosis between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2014. Patients ≥18 years of age who had ≥2 health claims in any diagnosis field for psoriasis (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification 696.1) with a psoriasis diagnosis (index) date between July 1, 2008, and June 30, 2014, were included to allow follow-up observation time.

Results

Prevalence and incidence of 24 comorbidities were assessed in 469,097 psoriasis patients; the most common comorbidities were hyperlipidemia (45.64% and 30.83%, respectively), hypertension (42.19% and 24.19%), depression (17.91% and 12.68%), type 2 diabetes mellitus (17.45% and 8.44%), and obesity (14.38% and 11.57%).

Limitations

A limitation of the study was that only a certain insured population was represented.

Conclusions

Comorbidity rates align with those described in the literature and support the concept that psoriasis patients have high rates of cardiometabolic comorbidities. This analysis highlights the potential utility of very large insurance databases for determining comorbidity prevalence in psoriasis, which may aid health care providers in managing psoriasis.

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