Stability of outcomes after 5 years of treatment in an early intervention programme

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Abstract

Aim:

It has been hypothesized that the first 5 years are critical in determining long-term recovery from psychotic disorders. We examine stability in recovery indices after 5 years for 56 patients treated in an early intervention programme for psychosis.

Methods:

Assessments of symptom remission and functional recovery were carried out 5 and 10 years after initiation of treatment.

Results:

Although overall rates of recovery were comparable at both times, there were significant changes for individuals reflecting both improvement and deterioration.

Conclusions:

Evidence concerning the critical period hypothesis should examine stability in individuals rather than relying on cumulative indices.

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