Daily Physical Activity in Total Hip Arthroplasty Patients Undergoing Different Surgical Approaches: A Cohort Study

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Abstract

Objective

Muscle weakness due to trauma from the surgical approach is anticipated to affect the ability of the patient to undertake daily physical activity early after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The objective of this study was to compare daily physical activity on days 1 to 4 after discharge, in patients following THA performed by 1 of 3 surgical approaches.

Design

A cohort study included 60 hip osteoarthritis patients, scheduled for THA, allocated to direct lateral approach, posterior approach, or anterior approach. Daily physical activity was measured by an accelerometer, with upright time per 24 hours as primary outcome and walking time, number of steps, and number of upright events per 24 hours as secondary outcomes.

Results

There were no statistically significant group differences in any of the measures of daily physical activity (P > 0.290) or between days of follow-up (P > 0.155). Overall, the median participant had 3.50 hours (interquartile range, 2.85–4.81 hours) of upright time, and participants showed wide variation in all outcomes of daily physical activity.

Conclusions

There were no differences in daily physical activity between THA patients undergoing different surgical approaches. The surgical approach may not be a limiting factor for daily physical activity early after surgery in a fast-track treatment course.

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