Interleukin-6 induced activation of a non-selective outward cation conductance in human cardiac fibroblasts

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Abstract

Background:

It has been demonstrated that cardiac fibroblasts of the human heart have several myocyte-like features, induced by inflammation.

Objectives:

This study analyzed the changes of the expressed currents in the basal condition and in the presence of interleukin-6 in cultured human cardiac fibroblasts.

Methods:

Human cardiac fibroblasts were cultured as monolayers from earlier passages (2–4). Whole-cell voltage clamp experiments were performed on single culture human cardiac fibroblasts.

Results:

The cultured human cardiac fibroblasts had a membrane resistance of Rm of 412 ± 91 MΩ, and a resting membrane potential of −68.1 ± 3.2 mV. Among different cells, we have been analyzed these at which depolarizing clamp steps induced outward currents that reached peak within approx. 20 ms and then slowly decayed. Gd3+ decreased the current amplitudes at depolarizing steps. Superfusion with interleukin-6 caused increasing of the outward membrane currents. The changes in the membrane currents continued up to 6 min of interleukin-6 perfusion, by reaching their maximum at 3 min and slowly decreasing to the level of control recordings at 6 min. In the presence of 8 μmol/l Gd3+, interleukin-6 does not modify the membrane currents.

Conclusion:

The involvement of mechano sensitive channels in interleukin-6 induced electrical property of fibroblast was proposed. This report presents one particular model of action of interleukin-6, that can open new insights for a deeper understanding of the relationships between interleukin-6 and different ion channels into the fibroblast.

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