Reassessing the Anatomic Origin of the Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma

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Abstract

Objective

A modern imaging review is necessary to further define the anatomic origin of the juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma.

Methods

After institutional review board approval, a search from January 1998 to January 2013 yielded 33 male patients (aged 10–23 years) with pathologically proven juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma lesions, as well as pretreatment computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma involvement was assessed in the following regions: sphenopalatine foramen, pterygopalatine fossa, vidian canal, nasopharynx, nasal cavity, sphenoid sinus, choana, pterygomaxillary fissure/masticator space, orbit, and sphenoid bone.

Results

The choana and nasopharynx were involved in all 33 patients. In contrast, only 22 lesions involved the pterygopalatine fossa, 24 lesions involved the sphenopalatine foramen, and 28 lesions involved the vidian canal.

Conclusions

Our results suggest that the juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma origin is in the region of the choana and nasopharynx rather than the sphenopalatine foramen or pterygopalatine fossa.

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