Infection of Ventricular Assist Device Detected and Monitored by 18F-FDG PET/CT

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Abstract

We report a case of a 59-year-old man who presented with fever, sepsis, and left cervicothoracic cutaneous inflammation 13 months after implantation of Jarvik 2000 device. Device infection was suspected and 18F-FDG PET/CT showed an intense and homogeneous uptake along driveline cable. Bacteriological local sample showed Staphylococcus aureus. After adapted antibiotherapy, control 18F-FDG PET/CT displays treatment efficacy with no residual uptake in driveline. 18F-FDG PET/CT could be an important tool for early noninvasive detection of left ventricular assist device infection and monitoring antibiotherapy response.

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