Three-year outcomes and reconnection patterns after initial contact force guided pulmonary vein isolation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

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Abstract

Background and objective:

Contact force (CF) sensing is a novel technology used for catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). We compared the single procedure success of CF-guided pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) with that of non-CF guided PVI during a 3-year (1,095 days) follow up period and analyzed the pattern of pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection.

Methods:

A cohort of 167 subjects (68 CF vs. 99 non-CF) with paroxysmal AF were included in the study. Atrial arrhythmia (AA) recurrence was defined as documented AF, atrial flutter, or atrial tachycardia lasting >30 seconds and occurring after 90 days.

Results:

Subjects in the CF group showed a statistically nonsignificant improvement in AA free survival compared to those in the non-CF group (66.2% vs. 51.5%; P value: 0.06). A greater propensity for reconnection was noted around the right-sided PVs compared to left-sided PVs related in both catheter ablation groups. For example, in the CF group 36% of right-sided segments reconnected compared to 16% of left-sided segments (P value <0.01).

Conclusions:

A greater propensity for reconnection was noted around the right sided PV segments in both the CF and non-CF groups. The explanation for this finding was related to greater catheter instability around the right sided veins. Further research is needed to explore the utility of a “real-time” composite indicator that includes RF energy, CF and catheter stability in predicting transmural lesion formation during catheter ablation.

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