Intraoperative Correction of Femoral Rotational Deformity Using a Conventional Navigation System and a Smartphone: A Novel Technique

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Abstract

The intraoperatively rotational control of femoral shaft fractures treated with a closed intramedullary interlocking nailing is a challenging problem. A novel surgical technique that includes respective insertions of guidewires into the proximal and distal femur under the guidance of a 2-dimensional fluoroscopy-based navigation system and the measurements of the intersection angle subtended by the proximal and distal guidewires with the smartphone positional software has been designed to provide intraoperatively quantitative parameters of femoral rotation deformation. The comparison of these parameters with preoperative measurement values of the contralateral intact femur on computed tomography images was used to align the proximal and distal femur fragments based on periaxial rotation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate its clinical suitability. Ten adult patients with femoral shaft fractures were attempted to correct intraoperatively femoral rotational deformity using this novel technique. The additional operation time was 20.04 ± 3.27 minutes. The angle of femoral anteversion was 20.85° ± 4.22°, 38.14° ± 19.07°, and 22.77° ± 3.38° in the contralateral intact and preoperatively and postoperatively injured femur, respectively. The mean absolute difference between both limbs was preoperatively 21.55° ± 10.14° with a statistically significant difference (P = .005) and postoperatively 3.24° ± 1.69° with no statistically significant difference (P = .092). Our results showed this novel technique could become an effective tool to correct intraoperatively rotational malalignment of femoral fractures.

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