Predictors of Local Recurrence in Patients With Myxofibrosarcoma
Myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) is reported to have a higher risk of local recurrence (LR) following definitive surgical excision relative to other soft tissue sarcomas. We reviewed our clinical experience treating MFS to investigate predictors of LR.Materials and Methods:
We retrospectively reviewed treatment outcomes for MFS patients treated at our institution between 1999 and 2015. A total of 52 patients were identified. Median age was 65 years (range, 21 to 86 y). Site of disease was: upper extremity (27%), lower extremity (46%), trunk (15%), pelvic (8%), and head and neck (4%). Patients had low, intermediate, high-grade, and unknown grade in: 23%, 8%, 67%, and 2% of tumors, respectively. Tumors were categorized as ≤5 cm (35%), >5 cm (56%), or unknown size (9%). In total, 71% received radiotherapy: 19% preoperative, 50% postoperative, and 2% both. All patients underwent surgery. Margins were negative in 71%, close/positive in 21%, and unknown in 8%. In total, 27% of patients received chemotherapy. Univariate Cox regression analysis was utilized to determine associations between clinical and treatment factors with LR.Results:
Median follow-up time was 2.9 years (range, 0.4 to 14.3 y). The 3-year actuarial LR, distant metastasis, and overall survival were: 31%, 15%, and 87%, respectively. Predictors of LR were patient age greater than or equal to the median of 65 years (hazard ratio, 13.46, 95% confidence interval, 1.71-106.18, P=0.013), and having close/positive tumor margins (hazard ratio, 3.4, 95% confidence interval, 1-11.53, P=0.049).Conclusions:
In this institutional series of MFS older age and positive/close margins were significantly associated with a higher risk of LR.