Combined data of intravaginal prasterone against vulvovaginal atrophy of menopause
To analyze the effects of intravaginal prasterone obtained in the three randomized clinical studies performed in postmenopausal women suffering from moderate to severe (MS) dyspareunia due to vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA).Methods:
In three independent 12-week prospective, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled clinical studies, the effect of daily intravaginal 0.50% (6.5 mg) prasterone was examined on four co-primary objectives in women having MS pain during sexual activity (dyspareunia), identified as their most bothersome symptom (MBS) of VVA at baseline.Results:
In 436 women treated with 0.50% prasterone and 260 women who received placebo, an average 35.1% decrease over placebo in the percentage of parabasal cells (P < 0.0001), an average 7.7% increase in the percentage of superficial cells (P < 0.0001), and a mean 0.72 pH unit decrease in vaginal pH (P < 0.0001) were observed. The severity score of most bothersome symptom dyspareunia was decreased by a 0.46 unit (49%) (P < 0.0001 over placebo), whereas the severity score of MS vaginal dryness decreased by 0.31 unit (P < 0.0001 over placebo). A very positive evaluation was obtained on the acceptability of the technique of administration of the insert, whereas the male partners reported a very positive evaluation of the changes observed in their sexual partner.Conclusion:
The efficacy data demonstrate highly positive effects on all the symptoms and signs of vulvovaginal atrophy with no significant drug-related side effects in line with the physiology of menopause and intracrinology.