Alterations in Lipid Profile, Zinc and Copper Levels and Superoxide Dismutase Activities in Normal Pregnancy and Preeclampsia

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Abstract

Background

Increased oxidative stress (OS) and lipid peroxidation may be involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia (PE). We conducted a case-control study to evaluate the levels of plasma lipids and trace elements as well as activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in PE.

Materials and Methods

The study consisted of 100 patients who had been diagnosed with PE and 100 normotensive pregnant women who underwent medical checkups that served as the control group. Lipid profile, zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) levels and SOD activities were measured in the plasma of all subjects.

Results

Our results showed that the plasma levels of triglycerides and SOD activity were significantly elevated and the levels of Zn and Cu were significantly reduced in patients with PE compared with healthy controls. Increased levels of SOD may indicate antioxidant protective mechanisms against OS in PE-complicated pregnancies. This finding may suggest an involvement of OS in the pathophysiology of PE.

Conclusion

This study demonstrated a significant negative correlation between SOD activity and levels of trace elements. Furthermore, we suggest that higher triglyceride levels and SOD activity combined with lower Zn and Cu levels may be associated with an increased risk of PE.

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