The effect of balloon valvuloplasty for bioprosthetic valve stenosis at pulmonary positions.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Balloon dilatation of a bioprosthetic valve in the pulmonary position could be performed to delay valve replacement. We proposed to identify the long-term effectiveness of such a procedure.

METHODS

We reviewed the medical records of 49 patients who underwent balloon valvuloplasty between January 2000 and December 2015. The primary goal was to determine the time interval until the following surgical or catheter intervention.

RESULTS

The mean age at bioprosthetic valve insertion was 5.7 years old, and the mean age for ballooning was 11.7 years. The mean interval after pulmonary valve replacement was 71.6 months. The mean ratio of balloon size to valve size was 0.94. The pressure gradient through the pulmonary valve after balloon valvuloplasty was significantly improved (55.3 ± 18.5 mm Hg vs 33.8 ± 21.5 mm Hg, P < .001). There were no significant changes in pulmonary regurgitation and no serious adverse events. Patients had a mean freedom from re-intervention of 30.6 months after balloon valvuloplasty. The interval of freedom from re-intervention was affected only by the pressure gradient before balloon valvuloplasty and the patient age at insertion. The mean interval to re-intervention in patients with pressure gradients less than 48.5 mm Hg before ballooning was 46.0 months, which was significantly longer than for those with a higher gradient (18.7 months).

CONCLUSION

The effectiveness of this process may depend on the pressure gradient before ballooning and the patient age at valve insertion. It is possible that earlier valvuloplasty at pressure gradient not over 48.5mm Hg may have a benefit to delaying re-operation.

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