Eltrombopag use in a patient with Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome

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Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an inherited X-linked disorder characterized by microthrombocytopenia, immunodeficiency, and eczema. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the treatment of choice. Eltrombopag, a thrombopoietin receptor agonist, may be useful to prevent bleeding while awaiting HSCT. We present a case of a male with WAS, profound thrombocytopenia, and bleeding diathesis successfully managed with eltrombopag before HSCT. Eltrombopag was given for 32 weeks obtaining a stable platelet count without any platelet transfusion. The patient did not experience any bleeding symptom. Eltrombopag may be a suitable therapeutic option for patients with WAS and severe thrombocytopenia as “bridge” to definitive cure.

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