Outcomes of First-Generation EGFR-TKIs Against Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Harboring Uncommon EGFR Mutations: A Post Hoc Analysis of the BE-POSITIVE Study

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Abstract

Background

Beyond progression after tyrosine kinase inhibitor in EGFR-positive non-small-cell lung cancer patients (BE-POSITIVE) was the first Italian multicenter observational study that reported the outcomes of first-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in a “real-life” Caucasian EGFR-mutated non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) population. The sharing of multi-institutional experiences represents a crucial strategy to enrich knowledge about uncommon EGFR mutations. Therefore, we performed a post hoc analysis of the BE-POSITIVE study.

Patients and Methods

Data of advanced NSCLC patients with uncommon EGFR mutations who received first-line first-generation EGFR-TKIs in 24 Italian Hospitals were collected. In this analysis we aimed to evaluate overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall response rate (ORR) of EGFR-TKIs in NSCLC patients harboring uncommon EGFR mutations.

Results

Thirty-five patients harboring uncommon EGFR mutations (any mutation other than deletion 19 or substitution of leucine by arginine at codon 858) were included of the original 312 EGFR-mutated cases. Most of them were female (n = 20, 57.1%), former smokers (n = 23, 65.7%), with adenocarcinoma (n = 31, 88.6%). The most frequent EGFR mutations were G719X (n = 6, 17.2%) and L861Q (n = 5, 14.2%). The population presented an ORR of 25.7%, a median PFS of 5.19 months, and a median OS of 14.49 months. When stratified according to type of EGFR mutation, median OS ranged from 3.65 months for unspecified mutations to 21.29 for double EGFR mutations. Median PFS ranged from 1.77 months for unspecified mutations to 20.83 months for concomitant EGFR-anaplastic lymphoma kinase alteration. ORR varied from 0% in exon 18, 20 and double gene alteration to 66.6% in exon 19.

Conclusion

Our study supports the existence of a strong outcome heterogeneity within patients harboring uncommon EGFR mutations, which needs to be clarified to achieve a real personalized treatment strategy.

Micro-Abstract

Non-small-cell lung cancer harboring uncommon epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations (any mutation other than deletion 19 or substitution of leucine by arginine at codon 858) presents a variable sensitivity to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors. With the final aim to enrich knowledge about uncommon EGFR mutations, we performed a post hoc analysis of the beyond progression after tyrosine kinase inhibitor in EGFR-positive non-small-cell lung cancer patients (BE-POSITIVE) trial. Thirty-five patients were included of the original 312 EGFR-mutated cases. The results of our analysis support the existence of a strong heterogeneity within patients harboring uncommon EGFR mutations, which implies the necessity to stratify the subgroups of rare mutations in individual entities with different clinical perspectives.

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