Type-I interferon signalling through IFNAR1 plays a deleterious role in the outcome after stroke

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Neuroinflammation contributes significantly to the pathophysiology of stroke. Here we test the hypothesis that the type I interferon receptor (IFNAR1) plays a critical role in neural injury after stroke by regulating the resultant pro-inflammatory environment. Wild-type and IFNAR1-/- primary murine neurons and glia were exposed to oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) and cell viability was assessed. Transient cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury was induced by mid-cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in wild-type and IFNAR1-/- and IFNAR2-/- mice in vivo, and infarct size, and molecular parameters measured. To block IFNAR1 signalling, wild-type mice were treated with a blocking monoclonal antibody directed to IFNAR1 (MAR-1) and MCAO was performed. Quantitative PCR confirmed MCAO in wild-type mice induced a robust type-I interferon gene regulatory signature. Primary cultured IFNAR1-deficient neurons were found to be protected from cell death when exposed to OGD in contrast to primary cultured IFNAR1-deficient glial cells. IFNAR1-/- mice demonstrated a decreased infarct size (24.9 ± 7.1 mm3 n = 8) compared to wild-type controls (65.1 ± 4.8 mm3 n = 8). Western blot and immunohistochemistry showed alterations in Akt and Stat-3 phosphorylation profiles in the IFNAR1-/- brain. MAR-1 injection into WT mice (i.v. 0.5 mg 60 min prior to MCAO) resulted in a 60% decrease in infarct size when compared to the IgG control. IFNAR2-/- mice failed to display the neuroprotective phenotype seen in IFNAR1-/- mice after MCAO. Our data proposes that central nervous system signalling through IFNAR1 is a previously unrecognised factor that is critical to neural injury after stroke.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles