Increased risk of acute arterial events in young patients and severely active IBD: a nationwide French cohort study.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Magnitude and independent drivers of the risk of acute arterial events in IBD are still unclear. We addressed this question in patients with IBD compared with the general population at a nationwide level.

DESIGN

Using the French National Hospital Discharge Database from 2008 to 2013, all patients aged 15 years or older and diagnosed with IBD were identified and followed up until 31 December 2013. The rates of incident acute arterial events were calculated and the impact of time with active disease (period around hospitalisation for IBD flare or IBD-related surgery) on the risk was assessed by Cox regression adjusted for traditional cardiovascular risk factors.

RESULTS

Among 210 162 individuals with IBD (Crohn's disease (CD), n=97 708; UC, n=112 454), 5554 incident acute arterial events were identified. Both patients with CD and UC had a statistically significant overall increased risk of acute arterial events (standardised incidence ratio (SIR) 1.35; 95% CI 1.30 to 1.41 and SIR 1.10; 95 CI 1.06 to 1.13, respectively). The highest risk was observed in patients under the age of 55 years, both in CD and UC. The 3-month periods before and after IBD-related hospitalisation were associated with an increased risk of acute arterial events in both CD and UC (HR 1.74; 95 CI 1.44 to 2.09 and 1.87; 95% CI 1.58 to 2.22, respectively).

CONCLUSION

Patients with IBD are at increased risk of acute arterial events, with the highest risk in young patients. Disease activity may also have an independent impact on the risk.

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