N-(2-morpholin-4-yl-ethyl)-2-(1naphthyloxy)acetamide inhibits the chronic constriction injury-generated hyperalgesia via the antagonism of sigma-1 receptors
The most used therapeutic treatment to relieve neuropathic pain is that of neuromodulators such as anti-epileptics or anti-depressants; however, there are alternatives that may be potentially useful. The sigma-1 receptor is a therapeutic target that has shown favorable results at preclinical levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-hyperalgesic effect of N-(2-morpholin-4-yl-ethyl)-2-(1-naphthyloxy) acetamide (NMIN) in a chronic constriction injury model (CCI) and compare it both a sigma-1 antagonist (BD-1063) and also Gabapentin, as well as determine its possible role as an antagonist of sigma-1 receptors. The anti-hyperalgesic effects of Gabapentin (10.0, 17.8, 31.6, 56.2 and 100 mg/kg, s.c.), BD-1063 (5.6, 10.0, 17.8, 31.6 and 56.2 mg/kg, s.c.) and NMIN (31.6, 10.0, 316 mg/kg and 562 mg/kg, s.c.) were determined after single-doses, using the von Frey test in the CCI model. NMIN had the same efficacy as BD-1063, but both show less efficacy than Gabapentin. In an analysis of pharmacological potency, the ED50 were compared with it being found that BD-1063 is the most potent drug, followed by Gabapentin and NMIN. The anti-hyperalgesic effect of NMIN on CCI rats was reversed by (+)-pentazocine (s.c. route) and by PRE-084 (i.t. route), both sigma-1 agonists. Furthermore, NMIN reversed the hyperalgesic effect of PRE-084 in naïve rats. These results suggest that NMIN has an anti-hyperalgesic effect on the CCI model, and that one of its mechanisms of action is as a sigma-1 antagonist, being a significant role the blocking of these receptors at the spinal level.