Diallyl trisulfide, a garlic polysulfide protects against As-induced renal oxidative nephrotoxicity, apoptosis and inflammation in rats by activating the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway

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Abstract

Background

Arsenic (As) contamination is an extremely dangerous global environmental problem as it can enter into the food chain and become bio-accumulated, endangering human health. Chronic As intoxication leads to undesirable toxic effects in various organ systems of the body, especially the kidney. Diallyl trisulfide (DATS) is an organosulfur compound which has been widely known for its uses as antibacterial, antitumorogenic, antioxidant agent and has been also reported to have anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Purpose

In the present work, we intend to investigate the protective role of DATS, a garlic organosulfur compound in preventing the As-induced oxidative stress mediated renal injury in rats.

Purpose

Study design

Purpose

The activity of DATS to antagonize As-induced renal oxidative toxicity was analyzed using rats as an in vivo model.

Methods

We investigated the nephroprotective effect of DATS on As treated rats by performing various serological, biochemical, molecular and histological studies. The activation of Nrf2 was investigated using western blot.

Results

The data showed that As exposure significantly increased the serum and urine nephritic, oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammatory markers in the renal tissue of rats. As intoxication also decreased the antioxidant status of the renal tissue along with the disturbances in the membrane bound ATPases. As nephrotoxicity was further confirmed with the altered morphological and ultrastructural changes in the renal tissue. Conversely, the DATS pre-administration effectively recuperate the altered renal variables by As, which has been further supported by the histological and ultrastructural observations. This counteraction was achieved partially via the activation of Nrf2-ARE pathway through the activation of Akt.

Conclusion

These findings explicate the prospective use of DATS as a promising organosulfur compound against As-induced renal oxidative dysfunction in rats.

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