Community-Based Care of the Fibromyalgia Patient: Strategies to Promote Self-Management

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Abstract

Along with a variety of distressing symptoms, a diagnosis of fibromyalgia (FM) brings with it substantial physical, psychosocial, and financial costs. Research shows that self-management is an effective means to manage FM and can lead to fewer healthcare visits. Yet due to the complexity of this disorder, healthcare providers need to be able to tailor treatment to individual patients by understanding effective treatment interventions. Home healthcare nurses (HHNs) are in a unique position to assess and implement effective treatment recommendations in the home setting and as such could consider incorporating self-management strategies into the home visit with the FM patient. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to use a case study to describe the assessment of FM patient's functional ability and quality of life and how the HHN may integrate self-management teaching into the established home care visit. A review of the literature and discussion of self-management interventions for the FM patient is presented. A summary of the case study and proposed clinical implications is offered.

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