The Classic Pitanguy Technique and Its Modifications in Mammaplasty: Ten Years of Experiences

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Abstract

Background

Mammaplasty surgery has been modified in the past few years, as plastic surgeons worked to improve and maintain the breast shape and especially the “bottoming out” of the gland. The classic Pitanguy's technique has been shown to be an anatomically safe technique in the management of the breast. However, as first described, cannot be applied in gigantomastia or in severe breast ptosis cases or in cases of dense breast parenchyma or for a long-lasting breast lift result. Using 2 different modifications, the Pitanguy technique can be applied for breasts of all sizes and for all cases of breast ptosis.

Methods

A retrospective study of 140 patients who underwent the Pitanguy method and its 2 modifications was performed. The first modification consists of dissecting the upper pole of the breast vertically to the fascia of the pectoralis major muscle and laterally to the nac. The medial flap is then advanced superiorly, rotated 90 degrees, and sutured to point A, whereas the lateral flap is placed below the medial one. The second modification describes an inferior chest wall-based flap for achieving a desirable shape that can be maintained over a long period. The inferior flap is based only in the thoracic wall vasculature, completely detached from surrounding structures, maintaining a good volume. The upper flap of the breast covers the inferior flap.

Results

The follow-up included 140 patients and the follow-up period ranged from 1 to 10 years. Five patients were operated on less than 4 months ago and were not involved in this study. All patients gained natural-shaped breasts, and they were pleased with the results. Serious complications, including flap necrosis, were avoided because caution was used to preserve the internal mammary perforators while performing the Pitanguy's technique and its 2 modifications.

Conclusions

The classic Pitanguy technique and its 2 modifications provide a versatile, well-vascularized pedicle that allows elevation of the nipple areola complex at the desired height. Using these 2 modifications, the Pitanguy's technique can be applied for breasts of all sizes and for all cases of breast ptosis.

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