To investigate the electrophysiological features of macular telangiectasia Type 2 and their relationship to structure as determined by optical coherence tomography imaging.Methods:
Forty-two eyes from 21 patients enrolled in the Macular Telangiectasia Natural History Observation Study were reviewed. All patients had full-field and pattern electroretinography (ERG; PERG) with some patients additionally having multifocal electroretinography (mfERG; N = 15) or electrooculography (N = 12). Multiple linear regression modeling assessed the relationship between the ellipsoid zone break size on optical coherence tomography and the central mfERG response.Results:
Full-field ERG and electrooculography were normal in all eyes. Six eyes (14%) from five patients had subnormal PERG P50 amplitudes. Twenty-two of 30 eyes (73%) had reduced central or paracentral stimulus on mfERG. There was a significant correlation between ellipsoid zone break size and both the P1 amplitude (R2 = 0.37, P = 0.002) and P1:N1 ratio (R2 = 0.32, P = 0.002) of the central response on mfERG.Conclusion:
The electrophysiological findings in macular telangiectasia Type 2 are those of localized central dysfunction and are consistent with the structural data available from imaging and histologic studies. The ellipsoid zone break size correlates with mfERG reduction. The reduced mfERG P1:N1 ratio is consistent with inner retinal dysfunction.