Natural history of t(11;14) multiple myeloma

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Translocation (11;14) on interphase fluorescent in situ hybridization in plasma cells is regarded as a standard risk prognostic marker in multiple myeloma based on studies conducted before introduction of current therapies. We identified 365 patients with t(11;14), and 730 matched controls:132 patients with non-(11;14) translocations and 598 patients with no chromosomal translocation. The median progression-free survival for the three groups were 23.0 (95% confidence interval (CI), 20.8-27.6), 19.0 (95% CI, 15.8-22.7) and 28.3 (95% CI, 25.7-30.6) months, respectively (P < 0.01). The median overall survival (OS) for t(11;14), non-(11;14) translocation and no-translocation groups were 74.4 (95% CI, 64.8-89.3), 49.8 (95% CI, 40.0-60.6) and 103.6 (95% CI, 85.2-112.3) months, respectively (P < 0.01). Excluding those with 17p abnormality, the median OS in the three groups were 81.7 (95% CI, 67.0-90.7), 58.2 (95% CI, 47.0-76.4) and 108.3 (95% CI, 92.4-140.1) months, respectively (P < 0.01). The above relationship held true in patients with age < 65 years, international staging system (ISS) I/II stage or those who received novel agent-based induction. Advanced age (hazard ratio (HR): 1.98), 17p abnormality (HR: 2.2) and ISS III stage (HR: 1.59) at diagnosis predicted reduced OS in patients with t(11;14). These results suggest that outcomes of t(11;14) MM are inferior to other standard risk patients.

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