Carriker, CR. Components of fatigue: mind and body. J Strength Cond Res 31(11): 3170–3176, 2017—Maximal intensity exercise requires significant energy demand. Subsequently, prolonged high-intensity effort eventually initiates volitional cessation of the event; often preceeded by a sensation of fatigue. Those examining the basis of fatigue tend to advocate either a peripheral or central model to explain such volitional failure. Practitioners and athletes who understand the tenants of fatigue can tailor their exercise regimens to target areas of potential physical or mental limitation. This review examines the rationale surrounding 2 separate models which postulate the origination of fatigue. Although the peripheral model suggests that fatigue occurs at the muscles, others have suggested a teloanticipatory cognitive component which plays a dominant role. Those familiar with both models may better integrate practice-based evidence into evidence-based practice. The highly individual nature of human performance further highlights the compulsion to comprehend the spectrum of fatigue, such that the identification of insufficiencies should mandate the development of a training purview for peak human performance.