Exchange of supraglottic airways for endotracheal tube using the Eschmann Introducer during simulated child resuscitation: A randomized study comparing 4 devices

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



The aim of this study was to examine the application of the Eschmann tracheal tube introducer (ETTI) with 4 types of supraglottic airway devices (SADs) using a child-manikin.


A total of 79 paramedics were asked to exchange the 4 SADs for an endotracheal tube with the ETTI in 3 different scenarios using a randomized crossover study format: normal airway without chest compression; normal airway with uninterrupted chest compression; and difficult airway with uninterrupted chest compression. The primary outcome was time to SAD exchange, with the secondary outcome measuring the success of SAD exchange. Each attempt was assessed by a trained assistant.


The mean exchange times for LMA, Cobra PLA, Air-Q, and SALT were as follows: 21, 23, 21, and 18, respectively for Scenario A; 23, 27, 22.5, and 21 for Scenario B; and 23, 28, 23, and 23 for Scenario C. The percent efficacy of SADs exchange with LMA, Cobra PLA, Air-Q and SALT were 98.7%, 94.9%, 100%, and 100% for scenario A; 98.7%, 88.6%, 98.7%, and 97.5% for scenario B; and 93.7%, 87.3%, 94.9%, and 93.7% for scenario C.


In this model of pediatric resuscitation, the SAD exchange using an ETTI has (LMA, Cobra PLA, Air-Q and SALT) proved to be effective in paramedics with no previous experience. Furthermore, experimental findings indicated that SAD exchange can be achieved without interrupting chest compression.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles