Propofol decreases etomidate-related myoclonus in gastroscopy

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Abstract

Objective:

Myoclonus, a common complication during intravenous induction with etomidate, is bothersome to both anesthesiologists and patients. This study explored the preventive effect of pretreatment with propofol on etomidate-related myoclonus.

Methods:

This was a prospective, double-blind, clinical, randomized controlled study. Totally, 363 patients who were scheduled for a short-duration, painless gastrointestinal endoscopy were divided into 5 groups. Four groups received 0 mg/kg (E group), 0.25 mg/kg (LPE group), 0.50 mg/kg (MPE group), or 0.75 mg/kg (HPE group) propofol pretreatment before etomidate anesthesia. Another group only received 1 to 2 mg/kg of propofol (P group) as anesthesia. The incidence and severity of myoclonus, patient circulation and respiratory status, and intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded.

Results:

The incidence of myoclonus in the LPE group (26.8%), MPE group (16.4%), HPE group (14.9%), and P group (0) was lower than the E group (48.6%, P < .05). The incidence of grade 1, 2, and 3 of myoclonus in the LPE group, MPE group, HPE group, and P group was significantly lower than the E group, and that in the P group was lower than the LPE group (P < .05). The incidence of hypoxemia in the P group was higher than the E group, and the incidence of adverse events in the HPE group and P group was lower than the E group (P < .05).

Discussion:

Pretreatment with propofol was feasible for preventing etomidate-related myoclonus. Furthermore, as propofol dosage increased, its effect on reducing the incidence and severity of myoclonic movements induced by etomidate increased.

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