Behavioural interventions for life style diseases: where are we now?
Diseases linked with the way people live their lives are referred to as lifestyle diseases. They are also noncommunicable diseases and are often chronic. Various cardiovascular disorders, such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart diseases, stroke, and type 2 diabetes mellitus are well known lifestyle diseases. Modifiable behavioural risk factors for this group of diseases include tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and the harmful use of alcohol . Unhealthy diets and a lack of physical activity may result in raised blood pressure, increased blood glucose, elevated blood lipids, and obesity. Persons suffering from severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorders have increased rates of type 2 diabetes and various cardiovascular diseases.