Proximalisation of the tibial tubercle gives a good outcome in patients undergoing revision total knee arthroplasty who have pseudo patella baja

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Abstract

Aims

The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with and without proximalisation of the tibial tubercle in patients with a failed primary TKA who have pseudo patella baja.

Patients and Methods

All revision TKAs, performed between January 2008 and November 2013 at a tertiary referral University Orthopaedic Department were retrospectively reviewed. Pseudo patella baja was defined using the modified Insall-Salvati and the Blackburne-Peel ratios. A proximalisation of the tibial tubercle was performed in 13 patients with pseudo patella baja who were matched with a control group of 13 patients for gender, age, height, weight, body mass index, length of surgery and Blackburne-Peel ratio. Outcome was assessed two years postoperatively using the Knee Society Score (KSS).

Results

The increase in KSS was significantly higher in the osteotomy group compared with the control group. The outcome was statistically better in patients in whom proximalisation of > 1 cm had been achieved compared with those in whom the proximalisation was < 1 cm.

Conclusion

In this retrospective case-control study, a proximal transfer of the tibial tubercle at revision TKA in patients with pseudo patella baja gives good outcomes without major complications.

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