To compare the results of a mechanical 3-dimensional laser scanner for craniofacial measurements of the basicranium to a validated coordinate device.Methods:
Access was granted by the Cleveland Natural History Museum to evaluate the Hamann–Todd Human Osteological Collection for this study. The MicroScribe and the FaroArm were used to gather coordinate data of various bony landmarks measurements including the prosthion, staphylion, hormion, and basion. Seventy-three human skulls were measured and scanned. Distances calculated from the coordinates were tested for agreement using the Bland–Altman test.Results:
There were no significant differences in the bias or slope measures between the MicroScribe and the FaroArm. In addition to the univariate test for slope significance, multivariable analysis using age, gender, and race as additional predictors showed no significant difference in any variable (P < 0.05).Conclusion:
This is the first study demonstrating agreement of the FaroArm in any human skull measurement with the validated MicroScribe digitizer. Compared with the MicroScribe digitizer, the FaroArm allows for 3-dimensional imaging and the ability to store, handle, and view data digitally. Future use of real-time facial measurements using the FaroArm offers potential for improved surgical planning and outcomes.