Are outcomes of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair different in men versus women? A propensity-matched comparison

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Abstract

Objective:

Women fare worse than men after many cardiovascular operations, including coronary artery bypass grafting and valve surgery. We sought to determine whether sex affects outcomes after open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

Methods:

We evaluated data on 3353 consecutive patients (1281 women, 38.2%) who underwent open thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair between October 1986 and July 2015. We compared preoperative characteristics, surgical variables, and outcomes between men and women in the overall group. A propensity-matching analysis was performed to adjust for preoperative and intraoperative differences. A multivariable analysis was conducted to identify predictors of poor outcomes using relevant preoperative and intraoperative factors.

Results:

Men had a significantly higher prevalence of comorbid conditions, including coronary artery disease, and presented more often with dissection; women were slightly older than men (median age, 69 [62-74] years vs 67 [57-73] years; P < .001) and more often symptomatic. Men underwent extent II and IV repairs more often, whereas women more often had extent I and III repairs. The propensity analysis resulted in 958 matched pairs. Overall, women and men had similar early mortality (7.9% vs 7.2%, P = .5) and adverse event rates (14.8% vs 14.1%, P = .6), which were similar in propensity-matched groups. Multivariable analysis showed that predictors of operative death and adverse event differed between the sexes. Survival and freedom from repair failure were similar between the overall and matched groups.

Conclusions:

Men and women who undergo thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair have similar outcomes, but there are important differences in several perioperative factors and predictors of poor outcomes.

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