The Experience of Families With Children With Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type I Across Health Care Systems

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Abstract

Spinal muscular atrophy type I is a genetic disease characterized by degeneration of spinal cord motor neurons resulting in weakness, technology dependence and early demise. While the newly approved treatment nusinersen may alter the morbidity/mortality of this disease there continues to be complex treatment challenges to consider. The aim of this qualitative study was to understand from the parent’s perspective, experiences of the family and child in the emergency center, hospital, and clinical care settings to identify gaps in care. Nineteen families interviewed had 22 children with spinal muscular atrophy I (11 deceased, 11 living). Three overarching themes emerged from parent interviews describing a range of experiences surrounding diagnosis, informed medical decision making and acute care practice. Identified quality improvements include development of a diagnostic screening tool, a medical decision tool, and emergency center informational template individualized to the child and providing an overview of spinal muscular atrophy I.

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