Proactive Safety Management in Trauma Care: Applying the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System
This article examines the reliability of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) for classifying observational human factors data collected prospectively in a trauma resuscitation center.Methods:
Three trained human factors analysts individually categorized 1,137 workflow disruptions identified in a previously collected data set involving 65 observed trauma care cases using the HFACS framework.Results:
Results revealed that the framework was substantially reliable overall (κ = 0.680); agreement increased when only the preconditions for unsafe acts were investigated (κ = 0.757). Findings of the analysis also revealed that the preconditions for unsafe acts category was most highly populated (91.95%), consisting mainly of failures involving communication, coordination, and planning.Conclusion:
This study helps validate the use of HFACS as a tool for classifying observational data in a variety of medical domains. By identifying preconditions for unsafe acts, health care professionals may be able to construct a more robust safety management system that may provide a better understanding of the types of threats that can impact patient safety.