Chronic total occlusion in an infarct-related coronary artery and the risk of appropriate ICD therapies

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Abstract

Introduction:

Risk stratification for ventricular arrhythmias in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy needs to be improved. Coronary chronic total occlusions in an infarct-related artery (IRA-CTOs) have been associated with an increased arrhythmic risk. This study aimed to evaluate the association between IRA-CTOs and appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapies.

Methods and results:

Observational cohort study that included 342 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy, an ICD implanted for primary or secondary prevention, and a coronary angiography performed shortly before ICD implantation. The ICD was implanted for primary prevention in 163 patients (48%). IRA-CTO was found in 161 patients (47%). During a median follow-up of 33 months, 41% of patients experienced at least one appropriate ICD therapy. Patients with IRA-CTO had higher proportions of appropriate ICD therapies (57% vs. 26%, P < 0.001) and appropriate ICD shocks (40% vs. 17%, P < 0.001). At multivariate Cox regression, IRA-CTO was the only variable that consistently resulted as independent predictor of appropriate ICD therapies and shocks both in the global population of the study (HR 2.3, P < 0.001 and HR 3, P < 0.001, respectively) and when analyzing separately patients with primary or secondary prevention ICD.

Conclusions:

IRA-CTO is an independent predictor of appropriate ICD therapies, including appropriate ICD shocks. This association is consistent across all the subgroups analyzed. Patients with IRA-CTO have a very high risk of appropriate ICD therapies. These findings may help improving risk stratification as well as the management of ventricular arrhythmias in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.

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