Ferumoxytol-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography for the assessment of potential kidney transplant recipients.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Traditional contrast-enhanced methods for scanning blood vessels using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or CT carry potential risks for patients with advanced kidney disease. Ferumoxytol is a superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle preparation that has potential as an MRI contrast agent in assessing the vasculature.

METHODS

Twenty patients with advanced kidney disease requiring aorto-iliac vascular imaging as part of pre-operative kidney transplant candidacy assessment underwent ferumoxytol-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (FeMRA) between December 2015 and August 2016. All scans were performed for clinical indications where standard imaging techniques were deemed potentially harmful or inconclusive. Image quality was evaluated for both arterial and venous compartments.

RESULTS

First-pass and steady-state FeMRA using incremental doses of up to 4 mg/kg body weight of ferumoxytol as intravenous contrast agent for vascular enhancement was performed. Good arterial and venous enhancements were achieved, and FeMRA was not limited by calcification in assessing the arterial lumen. The scans were diagnostic and all patients completed their studies without adverse events.

CONCLUSIONS

Our preliminary experience supports the feasibility and utility of FeMRA for vascular imaging in patients with advanced kidney disease due for transplant listing, which has the advantages of obtaining both arteriography and venography using a single test without nephrotoxicity.

KEY POINTS

• Evaluation of vascular disease is important in planning kidney transplantation. • Standard vascular imaging methods are often problematic in kidney disease patients. • FeMRA has the advantage of arteriography and venography in a single test. • FeMRA is safe and non-nephrotoxic. • FeMRA is not limited by arterial calcification.

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