Impact of a pharmacist-led vaccine recommendation program for pediatric kidney transplant candidates

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Abstract

Pediatric transplant recipients commonly have deficient vaccination status at the time of transplantation. Utilizing transplant pharmacists to improve vaccination rates has not previously been described. This single-center, retrospective study evaluated the impact of transplant pharmacist interventions on the completion rate of vaccination schedules at time of kidney transplant. Patients who received pharmacist-led vaccination recommendations prior to transplant were compared to patients without pharmacist recommendations. Forty-seven pediatric patients were included: 24 intervention patients and 23 control patients. The median percentage of up-to-date vaccinations at time of transplant was significantly higher in intervention group (91%; IQR 86%-100%) vs. control group (80%; IQR 71%-80%) (P<.0001). The median change in up-to-date vaccinations from time of evaluation to time of transplant was also significantly higher in the intervention group (7.5%) compared to the control group (0%) (P<.0001). There was no difference in live vaccination rates. No patients in either group were readmitted for a vaccine-preventable disease within 6 months post-transplant. With pharmacist intervention, significantly more patients were up to date with vaccination schedules at the time of transplant. These results suggest that a transplant pharmacist may serve as a valuable resource to increase vaccination schedule compliance between time of evaluation and transplantation.

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