Impact of a pharmacist-led vaccine recommendation program for pediatric kidney transplant candidates
Pediatric transplant recipients commonly have deficient vaccination status at the time of transplantation. Utilizing transplant pharmacists to improve vaccination rates has not previously been described. This single-center, retrospective study evaluated the impact of transplant pharmacist interventions on the completion rate of vaccination schedules at time of kidney transplant. Patients who received pharmacist-led vaccination recommendations prior to transplant were compared to patients without pharmacist recommendations. Forty-seven pediatric patients were included: 24 intervention patients and 23 control patients. The median percentage of up-to-date vaccinations at time of transplant was significantly higher in intervention group (91%; IQR 86%-100%) vs. control group (80%; IQR 71%-80%) (P<.0001). The median change in up-to-date vaccinations from time of evaluation to time of transplant was also significantly higher in the intervention group (7.5%) compared to the control group (0%) (P<.0001). There was no difference in live vaccination rates. No patients in either group were readmitted for a vaccine-preventable disease within 6 months post-transplant. With pharmacist intervention, significantly more patients were up to date with vaccination schedules at the time of transplant. These results suggest that a transplant pharmacist may serve as a valuable resource to increase vaccination schedule compliance between time of evaluation and transplantation.