Intentional Nonadherence as a Means to Exert Control.
Medication adherence is a major issue for patients with a chronic illness, who sometimes rationally choose temporary nonadherence. This study aims at better understanding intentional nonadherence and especially why it seems to fluctuate over time. It is based on 48 semi-structured interviews conducted in a hospital in the Netherlands with patients who had been prescribed a medication for a chronic disease for at least 1 year, and who had either type 2 diabetes, hypertension, Parkinson's disease, inflammatory bowel disease, or chronic myeloid leukemia. The analysis uses a simplified version of the failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) method. Intentional nonadherence appeared to be the result of the respondents' desire (a) to exert control over the treatment and its effects on their body, and (b) to control the hold of the treatment on their daily life. This result provides a rationale for the fluctuation of intentional nonadherence behavior.