Elevated Serum Triglycerides in the Prognostic Assessment of Acute Pancreatitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies

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Abstract

Background:

Hypertriglyceridemia has been positively associated with the risk of acute pancreatitis (AP), but whether increased triglyceride (TG) levels are associated with the severity of AP remains unknown. To this, a meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effect of elevated serum TG on the prognosis of AP.

Methods:

We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library to identify all eligible studies (up to September 2016). We pooled the odds ratios (ORs) or standardized mean difference from individual studies using a random-effects model to investigate associations between levels of TG and the prognosis of AP.

Results:

A total of 15 studies were included in the meta-analysis, including a total of 1564 patients with triglyceride-related acute pancreatitis (TGAP) and 5721 patients with nontriglyceride-related acute pancreatitis (NTGAP). The occurrence of renal failure [OR=3.18; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.92, 5.27; P<0.00001], respiratory failure (OR=2.88; 95% CI: 1.61, 5.13; P<0.0001), and shock (OR=3.78; 95% CI: 1.69, 8.44; P<0.0001) was statistically significantly higher in TGAP group than in NTGAP group. Furthermore, mortality (OR=1.90; 95% CI: 1.05, 3.45; P<0.01), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (OR=2.03; 95% CI: 1.49, 2.75; P<0.00001), and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE-II) scores (standardized mean difference=2.72; 95% CI: 1.00, 4.45; P<0.001) were also statistically significantly higher in TGAP group than in NTGAP group.

Conclusion:

Elevated serum TGs are related to a worse prognosis of AP.

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