What Is Known About the Psychodermatology Clinic Model of Care? A Systematic Scoping Review

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Abstract

Background:

Psychodermatology focuses on the interaction between skin and mental health. Existing research discusses the recognition and treatment of these disorders. However, little is known about the operational structure of subspecialised psychodermatology clinics.

Objective:

To identify literature on the structure and logistics of delivering a psychodermatology service.

Methods:

A systematic search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, and Google Scholar was performed. Articles were included if they discussed the concept and organisation of a psychodermatology practice.

Results:

We identified 693 studies; after screening titles and abstracts, 35 full-text articles were assessed, and 17 were included in the scoping review. Most articles discussed aspects of clinic organisation in general; others discussed management of a clinic in the context of specific diseases or made recommendations on incorporating psychotherapeutic techniques in a solo practitioner setting. A weekly multidisciplinary clinic or resident teaching clinic with joint dermatologist-psychiatrist consultation is the most commonly reported model. Specifically, a stepped level of care approach is often used, where patients in increasing level of distress are stratified to the appropriate team of trained professionals. A corresponding curriculum to supplement practitioners’ knowledge is recommended.

Conclusions:

Various clinic models have been described to provide specialised psychodermatology care in specific settings. Research is needed to assess the impact of these multidisciplinary models of care on patient outcomes and health care costs.

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