Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Training on Health Care Worker Safety: A Randomized Waitlist Controlled Trial

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Abstract

Objective:

The study assessed the impact of mindfulness training on occupational safety of hospital health care workers.

Methods:

The study used a randomized waitlist-controlled trial design to test the effect of an 8-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) course on self-reported health care worker safety outcomes, measured at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months later.

Results:

Twenty-three hospital health care workers participated in the study (11 in immediate intervention group; 12 in waitlist control group). The MBSR training decreased workplace cognitive failures (F [1, 20] = 7.44, P = 0.013,

Results:

JOURNAL/joem/04.02/00043764-201710000-00003/math_3MM1/v/2017-10-06T193032Z/r/image-tiff

Results:

) and increased safety compliance behaviors (F [1, 20] = 7.79, P = 0.011,

Results:

JOURNAL/joem/04.02/00043764-201710000-00003/math_3MM2/v/2017-10-06T193032Z/r/image-tiff

Results:

) among hospital health care workers. Effects were stable 6 months following the training. The MBSR intervention did not significantly affect participants’ promotion of safety in the workplace (F [1, 20] = 0.40, P = 0.54,

Results:

JOURNAL/joem/04.02/00043764-201710000-00003/math_3MM3/v/2017-10-06T193032Z/r/image-tiff

Results:

).

Conclusions:

Mindfulness training may potentially decrease occupational injuries of health care workers.

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