Effect of Spreader Graft on Nasal Functions in Septorhinoplasty Surgery
The authors aimed to investigate the effect of spreader grafts on nasal function in septorhinoplasty (SRP).Methods:
A prospective randomized double-blind study was conducted. Thirty patients who underwent SRP operation between October 2011 and January 2013 were divided into 2 equal groups randomly. Fifteen patients underwent SRP surgery without spreader graft technique (Group I) and 15 patients underwent SRP surgery with spreader grafts (Group II). Preoperative and postoperative evaluation included visual analog score (VAS) and acoustic rhinometry test.Results:
Visual analog scores and acoustic rhinometry measurements of Group I and Group II patients were compared. Statistically significant difference was found for VAS scores of both the sides of the nasal cavity (both before and after topical decongestion) (P < 0.05), except for the VAS on the right side of the nasal cavity before decongestion (P > 0.05). On acoustic rhinometry test the difference was statistically significant for minimal cross-sectional area (MCA) and volumetric values (VOL)—MCA1, MCA2, VOL1, VOL2 values on the left side of the nasal cavity (both before and after topical decongestion) (P < 0.05) but not on the right side of the nasal cavity (P > 0.05).Conclusions:
Performing spreader graft technique in SRP surgery can prevent the narrowing of the internal nasal valve area after surgery and maintain adequate airway for respiration.